A priori, the combination of children and plugs does not seem very successful. Some would even qualify it as risky. However, it doesn’t have to be this way. It is enough to take some precautions so that when a child crawls around your house and comes across a plug, it is an absolutely harmless element. And, this scene in which a baby goes to a socket, oblivious to all danger, can end in two ways: good or bad. And whether he does it one way or another depends on the performance of the adults in the house. Let’s see what can be done to protect children from plugs.
When danger is near
Not the street, not the park, not the highway. The most dangerous place for children is, paradoxical as it may seem, where they feel safest: home. At least, this is what emerges from the study of Detection of Domestic and Leisure Accidents (DADO), published by the National Consumer Institute, in which it is stated that a total of 458,635 children (17.8%) of all accidents that occur (excluding traffic) are suffered by minors between the ages of 0 and 14. Being especially dangerous the age group between 1 and 4 years, period in which the child begins to explore everything that surrounds him.
The European Child Safety Alliance also offers data in the same sense as the National Consumer Institute and highlights that in the European Union more children die from injuries than from the sum of all childhood illnesses.
The most worrying thing is that these accidents are preventable. That is, something could have been done so that they had not happened. But what are those security measures that could have saved parents an upset or in the worst case, a tragedy?
Before answering this question, we will narrow down these domestic dangers by focusing on one of the most common: the electrocution of the child when inserting the fingers into the sockets.
Objective: total security at home
Being able to avoid all the dangers that are hidden in the home is completely impossible. However, there are many measures we can take to reduce the risk of a domestic accident. In the event of an electrical injury, the Mapfrey Foundation’s Resistance Manager, Jesus Hernandez Huerus, reminds us. That protection begins with a proper installation and, therefore, the first thing we need to do. That is, we should make sure that all the components in our home are protected. An installation: a simple switch, a differential switch, a power control switch (ICP), a small automatic switch (PIA’s), circuit and grounding according to the needs of the property, in addition to a perfect state of the mechanism. ” What’s more,
From here, the expert recommends that we take some extra specific measures to prevent children from being electrocuted at home:
- Do not expose cables that can be pulled by a child.
- Do not arouse interest in electrical mechanisms. To do this, it is best to keep them out of your reach by hiding them from your sight. In addition, it is preferable not to manipulate them in their presence, in this way, they cease to be a stimulus likely to be attractive to the child.
- Unplug those appliances that are not being used.
- Use protected plugs or install plug protectors-dissimulators. Today, it is possible to find numerous models in specialized stores.
- Avoid making multiple connections.
- Do not use appliances with bare cables or damaged plugs, as the terminals accumulate dirt and rust over time.
- And finally, under no circumstances disconnect the grounding of an appliance.
These are the main measures that according to Hernández we should take. But do we do it? Are we Spaniards prudent when it comes to protecting our children from plugs? According to the study Accidents in the Spanish child population (May 2014), prepared by the Spanish Association of Primary Care Pediatrics (AEPap) in collaboration with the Mapfre Foundation, 70.6% of the 1,726 questionnaires collected by 204 pediatricians of all the Autonomous Communities, stated that it protected the plugs. One percent is ranked fifth out of eleven steps proposed by the research team to prevent the smallest (under 7 years of age) domestic accident in the home. Behind leaving only cleaning products (77%).
If, despite everything, you have not been able to prevent your child from crawling to an unprotected socket and has put his fingers in, call the emergency services immediately.